Wednesday, April 29, 2009


A single chip of microcontroller is obtained by integrating all components of a microcomputer in one IC package. Hence it will contain its own clock generator, ROM or EEPROM, RAM and I/O parts with some additional features like timer/counter. It can act as master as well as slave. It is more reliable and cost is less. For the memory and the less cost we are using P89V51RD2 controller.

The P89V51RD2 is an 80C51 microcontroller with 64 kB Flash and 1024 bytes of data RAM.A key feature of the P89V51RD2 is its X2 mode option. The design engineer can choose to run the application with the conventional 80C51 clock rate (12 clocks per machine cycle) or select the X2 mode (6 clocks per machine cycle) to achieve twice the throughput at the same clock frequency. Another way to benefit from this feature is to keep the same performance by reducing the clock frequency by half, thus dramatically reducing the EMI


This block diagram explains the work flow of the project. Here the controller is having the bidirectional path with gsm modem that enables to receive and send sms to the user. Numerical keypad is used to get the input from the user and the display used to show the status to the user. RTC will be having the current time and that will fed to the controller. Finally the print out will obtained from the thermal printer.
Each station will have a destination code, user have to type the destination code in-between two hash symbols and sent it to the toll free no (system end) So that the controller verifies the destination code and checks whether the user have sufficient balance, if so then it generates random no then sends it to the user mobile no simultaneously assigns printer to hold print certain data until a second enable from the controller , as soon as the user enter the random no via key pad controller sends printer the second enable , so that the user can collect the print out(ticket).


 The user will send the SMS to the system end (tool free number) for railway ticket.
 The system end will send reply SMS (5 digit random number) to user’s mobile phone.
 The cost of the railway ticket will be reduced from mobile balance.
 The random no along with the user ph no has to be entered in the keypad for collecting ticket.
 Railway ticket will be collected from the thermal printer.


The system we have microcontroller unit , thermal printer , display unit, keypad , real time clock(RTC) and GSM modem. The RTC is used for which time and date the person getting reply message.
The GSM device receives all the data through the serial communicating device with a microcontroller kit and then sends data to the corresponding mobile. We have the data displayed in a mobile, which is considered as the SYSTEM END .


The main objective of our project is to provide an effective railway ticketing system that is based on GSM technology .It includes getting railway tickets via our own mobile phone. The cost of ticket will be debited from our mobile balance .It is a time saving application where no need to read the board (please tender exact change).This project is used for getting railway ticket in easy way instead of searching for exact change. (rupee changes)
In this project we have two main units one is USER END (mobile phone) and another is SYSTEM END (Automatic Ticket vending machine which is placed in railway ticket counter).The user just have to send an SMS to get the railway ticket in reply from the SYSTEM END , user will receive FOUR digit password. This password has to enter in machine to receive a railway ticket. That cost of the railway ticket will be reduced from user mobile balance.


As an actor, King has appeared in Knightriders (1981), Creepshow (1982), Maximum Overdrive (1986) and Creepshow II (1988). He was the creator and writer of the TV miniseries The Stand (1994).

Having read horror and science fiction from an early age, King had developed an intuitive sense of what readers enjoy in a good horror novel. He uses abrupt plot twists for shock value and loves to create imaginary worlds where his characters no longer control their environment. In a Stephen King novel, the characters are completely at the mercy of others, whether those “others” are dark supernatural forces, strange monsters, flesh and blood villains or demons from within themselves.

Among his other interests, King occasionally finds time to play guitar in a rock band called the Rock Bottom Remainders, which is composed entirely of fellow authors, including humorist and columnist Dave Berry and Amy Tan.


His major break came with his novel Carrie, (1974), a runaway best seller about a young girl whose psychic powers include telekinesis.

His subsequent works explore witchcraft and various aspects of the occult to both frighten and delight the readers that make each one into a best seller. Notable among them are, which Salem’s Lot (1975), The Shining (1976), Firestarter (1980), Cujo (1981), Different Seasons (1982), Christine (1983), Pet Semetary (1983), Skeleton Crew (1986), The Tommyknockers (1987), The Dark Half (1989), The Stand (1990), Four Past Midnight (1990), The Darj Tower III: the Waste Lands (1991), Needful Things (1991), Gerald’s Game (1992) and Dolores Claiborne (1992). King also created an original screenplay for Sleepwalkers(1991).


In Debt of Honor (1994), Clancy examined the real world issues of Japanese American economic competition, the fragility of America’s financial system, and the hazards of US military downsizing.

An avid supporter of the US military, Clarcy works in an office lined with war games, books on weapons and government produced maps, all tributes to his lifelong fascination with technology and the military. In turn, he uses his books to advocate a strong American military posture.

The success of his books has resulted in his access to a wide variety of sources and information within military and intelligence intelligence circles that sets Clancy apart from other writers of military thrillers.


Clancy, who originated the literary genre known as the technothriller, established himself as a master at building realistic fictional scenarios by “turning up the volume” on current events and foreign relations. His second novel, Red Storm Rising, took on a US-Soviet tension by providing a realistic modern was scenario arising from a conventional Soviet attack on NATO. Subsequent best seller included Patriot Games, which dealt with terrorism; Cardinal of the Kremlin, which focused on spies, secrets and star wars; Clear and Present Danger, concerned a war on drugs; and The Sum of All Fears centered on post Cold War attempts by terrorists to rekindle US-Soviet animosity.


In 1984, Tom Clancy was an obscure Maryland insurance broker with a passion for naval history and only a letter to the editor and a brief article on the MX missile to his credit. Decades earlier, he had majored in English at Baltimore’s Loyola College and dreamed of writing a novel. It was his passion for military facts and figures and his deep him the necessary background to achieve that dream.

His first novel, The Hunt for Red October (1984), is about a Russian submarine captain who defects, along with his sub, to the United States was a best seller. The book reached The New York Times best-seller list after President Ronald Reagan pronounced it “the perfect yarn” and “non-putdownable.”


Alice walker was a Bread Loaf Writers’ Conference scholar in 1966 and took first place in the American Scholar essay contest (1967)

Notes for her strong advocacy of social justice Alice Walker’s early work included Revolutionary Petunias and Other Poems (1973), which earned a National Book Award nomination and a Lillian Smith Award from the Southern Regional Council and In Love and Trouble (1973), a series of stories about black women. Her book Meridian (1976) is considered one of the best novels of the Civil Rights struggle and You Can’t Keep A Good Woman Down (1981) combines that theme with her feminist ideals.


The Color Purple, published in 1982, is a family epic that deals with the theme of the abuse of women as seen through the eyes of Celie, a southern black woman. The novel earned a Pulitzer Prize for Fiction and the American Book Award for 1983, as well as a National Book Critics Circle Award nomination.

Since the early 1980s, Alice Walker’s works have included In Search Of Our Mother’s Gardens (1983); Horses Make a Landscape Look More Beautiful (1984); To Hell With Dying (1988); The Temple of My Familiar (1989)l and possessing the Secret of Joy (1992). She contributed to Double Stitch: Black Women Write About Mothers & Daughters (1993) and Everyday Use (1994).


Alice Malsenior Walker was born in Eatonton, Georgia, the daughter of a sharecropper. Her life in the rural South gave her the first hand knowledge of social injustices that would later be so influential to her writing. Her book, The Third Life of Grange Copeland (1970), dealt with the story of a black tenant farmer who deserted his family and returned after suffering humiliation in the North to kill his wife.

Having graduated from Sarah Lawrence Collage in 1966, she was writer in residence and a teacher of black studies at Jackson State Collage (1968-1969), Tougaloo College (1970-1971), and a lecturer in literature at both Wellesley and the University of Massachusetts from 1972 to 1973.

In the 1960s, she was active in the support of the Civil Rights movement and she became an outspoken feminist in the 1970s.


Among his non theatrical fiction is Hawk Moon: A Book of Short Stories, Poems and Monologues (1981) and Rolling Thunder Logbook (1987), as well as Motel Chronicles.

His rough, angular face is best recalled, however, from his work as an actor in such films as Renaldo and Clara (1978); Days of Heaven (1978); Resurrection (1980); Raggedy Man (1981), Frances (1982); and as test pilot Chuck Yeager in The Right Stuff (1983), for which he was nominated for the best supporting actor Oscar. In this role, he portrayed a man much like the heroes in his own plays. He went on to play the lead in the film version of his own Fool For Love in 1985.

He has also appeared in Country (1984); Crimes of the Heart (1986); Steel Magnolias (1989); Hot Spot (1990); Bright Angel (1991); Defenseless (1991); Thunderheart (1992), and The Pelican Brief (1993)


His more recent works include States of Shock (1991) and Sympatico (1993).

Sam Shepard has also penned a number of screenplays that pursue his themes of rebellious loners in a violent or hostile world, many of which are based on his plays. Among them are Me and My Brother (1967) Zabriski Point (1970) and Renaldo and Clara (1978) as well as his great Fool For Love (1986). In 1983, German director Wim Wenders commissioned him to adapt his 1982 book motel Chronicles for the screen. The result was the screenplay for Paris, Texas (1984), which won the Golden Palm Award at the Cannes Film Festival. It was the story of a reunion of father and son.


His early work included Cowboys (1964) and The Rock Garden (1964). He received Obie Awards for Chicago (1965); Icarus’ Mother; (1966) La Turista (1967);Forensic and the Navigators (1867); Action (1974) and Curse of the Starving Class; (1977, Obie Award 1977); Buried Child (1978) earned him the Pulitzer Prize in Drama as well as an Obie. This play, along with Savage Love (1979) and True West (1981), were violent portrayals of American family life told through black humor.

His best-known work is the 1983 play Fool for Love, which won an Obie Award. It is a story of love and incest set in the American West.

Continuing to explore the mythic dimensions of Western lore, he published The Sad Lament of Pecos Bill on the Even of Killing His Wife in 1983. He followed this with A Lie of the Mind (1985), which won the New York Drama Critic’s Circle Award 1986).

Friday, April 17, 2009


An intellectual is a person who relies on intellect rather than on emotion or feelings. His faculty of thinking is of a very high order. He seeks knowledge of a high order in his field. He is a rational to the hilt. He presents new ideas. Verily he represents the brain of society.

Socrates, a Greek philosopher, preached the principle that knowledge is also power. Plato, another Greek philosopher, gave his people the idea of philosopher king’s rule. He favoured a government run by intellectuals and specialists.

Great intellectuals have worked for the welfare of the people. In India, we have the Rajya Sabha, the Upper House, comprising intellectuals representing different walks of life. Their expertise is made use of. Members of the Rajya Sabha deliberate with a view to prodding the government to take welfare measures for the welfare of the people. They give liberally of their time and would not brook any injustice.

Their sacrifice is tremendous. For instance, Socrates had to drink hemlock. Jesus Christ was crucified. Karl Marx, who wrote Das Kapital suffered hardships. Swami Dayanand was poisoned. Mahatama Gandhi was shot by a fanatic.

Karl Marx, died in squalor, but he gave new hope to the neglected working class. Jesus Christ who gave a message of love and compassion to mankind became immortal when he was crucified. Gandhi gave his life preaching non-violence, truth, service and brotherhood. Intellectuals have a humanizing role in society.

Intellectuals, by and large, live for others. Lenin devoted his life for the upliftment of the working class. In India, Gandhi preached truth and non-violence as a way of life. He wrested power from the British through satyagraha a novel peaceful technique. Gandhi became a martyr like Socrates and Jesus Christ.

By their revolutionary ideas, intellectuals were able to bring about vast changes in the state and society. The ideas evolved and propounded by Gautam Buddha, Adi Shandaracharya, Nanak, Dayanand, Ramakrishna Paramhans, Vivekananda and others have had profound affect on the life of Indians. Their teachings hold good to this day. Today there is so much stress and strain around the life and teachings of these intellectuals give us peace and show us the way. We learn the art of living.

India, now needs most the intellectuals in different professions. Communalism is raising its head. Regionalism is dividing the people on linguistic lines. Anti-national and separatist forces are surfacing. Terrorism sponsored by a neighbor is on the increase.

Social evils remain. Corruption is found here and there. The country stands at the cross roads to follow the same path as in the past or to follow a new path leading the country to lasting peace, progress and prosperity. In the latter case, intellectuals have a great role to play.

Thursday, April 16, 2009




Slide 7

Before making any commitments......... Wash her face! !

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Accidental discoveries count 5 & 6 & 7

Teflon was invented accidentally by Roy Plunkett of Kinetic Chemicals in 1938. Plunkett was attempting to make a new CFC refrigerant, the perfluorethylene polymerized (say that 3 times fast!) in a pressurized storage container. In this original chemical reaction, iron from the inside of the container acted as a catalyst.
Artificial Sweetener:

Like many artificial sweeteners, the sweetness of cyclamate was discovered by accident. Michael Sveda was working in the lab on the synthesis of anti-fever medication. He put his cigarette down on the lab bench and when he put it back in his mouth he discovered the sweet taste of cyclamate. Cancer inducing Aspartame was discovered in 1965 by James M. Schlatter, a chemist working for G.D. Searle & Company. Schlatter had synthesized aspartame in the course of producing an anti-ulcer drug candidate. He discovered its sweet taste serendipitously when he licked his finger, which had accidentally become contaminated with aspartame.


Initially wine was distilled as a preservation method and as a way to make the wine easier for merchants to transport. It was also thought that wine was originally distilled to lessen the tax which was assessed by volume. The intent was to add the water removed by distillation back to the brandy shortly before consumption. It was discovered that after having been stored in wooden casks, the resulting product had improved over the original distilled spirit. No one is sure who it was that discovered the delightful taste of this distilled liquor, but he was clearly guided by God in its discovery for the betterment of man.

Accidental discoveries count 3 & 4

the third discovery was the
Potato Chips:
Wierd huh...yeah the first potato chip was invented by George Crum (half American Indian half African American) at Moon’s Lake House near Saratoga Springs, New York, on August 24, 1853. He was fed up with the constant complaints of a customer who kept sending his potatoes back to the kitchen because they were too thick and soggy. Crum decided to slice the potatoes so thin that they couldn’t be eaten with a fork. Against Crum’s expectation, the customer was ecstatic about the new chips. They became a regular item on the lodge’s menu under the name “Saratoga Chips” and a large contributing factor of the Western world’s obesity problems.

And the forth Accidental discoveries is


Percy LeBaron Spencer of the Raytheon Company was walking past a radar tube and he noticed that the chocolate bar in his pocket melted. Realizing that he might be on to a hot new product he placed a small bowl of corn in front of the tube and it quickly popped all over the room. Tens of millions of lazy cooks now have him to thank for their dull food!

now don't just sit around go bake something for you to munch on...

Accidental discoveries count 2

Now here for the second accidental discoverie...

As part of a large research program searching for medically useful ergot alkaloid derivatives,Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann LSD was first synthesized Its psychedelic properties were unknown until 5 years later, when Hofmann, acting on what he has called a “peculiar presentiment,” returned to work on the chemical. While re-synthesizing LSD-25 for further study on April 16, 1943, Hofmann became dizzy and was forced to stop work. In his journal, Hofmann wrote that after becoming dizzy he proceeded home and was affected by a “remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness”. Hofmann stated that as he lay in his bed he sank into a not unpleasant “intoxicated like condition” which was characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. He stated that he was in a dreamlike state, and with his eyes closed he could see uninterrupted streams of “fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors.” The condition lasted about two hours after which it faded away.

Monday, April 13, 2009

Accidental discoveries count 1

Some of man’s greatest discoveries have been made entirely by accident. If it weren’t for many of these things, life would be very different for us.


A Scientist named Sir Alexander Fleming was studying Staphylococcus long ago(seriously i don't know whats that).He turned up at work one day and discovered a blue-green mould that seemed to be inhibiting growth of the bacteria. He grew a pure culture of the mould and discovered that it was a Penicillium mould.After further experiments, Fleming was convinced that penicillin could not last long enough in the human body to kill pathogenic bacteria, and stopped studying it after 1931, but restarted some clinical trials in 1934 and continued to try to get someone to purify it until 1940.












Tricking the camera...

An extremely fat person who's jumped off a building

Really long arm

The hunter becomes the prey

The Easter bunny - murdered!

A boy picking up his own head

Await! The Movie...


Recently i came across some of the wierd banners...have a look and if you understand then burn it...if not read again...

Knock Your Imagination

Have any of you imagined the most gorgeous,most sexy,most handsome famous Celebrity's would look in Year 2040...well i got some picture for tweaking your humorous side of the brain...
(guys no offense OK)

Angelina Jolie

Avril Lavinge

Justin Timberlake

Catherine Zeta-Jones

Jude Law

Katie Holmes

Kirsten Dunst

Paris Hilton

Nicole Kidman

i guess most of you would have nightmare about these gorgeous,sexy people with just a couple of decade older than you...hahaha

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